Philosophy

Place where I call home, in the Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong.

Judicial Independence and Separation of Powers in Hong Kong

A mentor once told me that philosophy is to be lived, and that philosophical questions are questions about the way one lives, instead of the academic pursuits that some believe, for otherwise they are nothing more than intellectual games. This view is in line with the thought and writing of Aristotle, one of the most…

Winged Victory of Samothrace at the Louvre in Paris, France.

Human Soul as a Chariot

One theme that has been recurring throughout the human history, and is often the root of meaningless arguments and conflicts that at times result in unnecessary suffering, is the notion of false dichotomy. Be it in the disguise of art versus science in human knowledge or of liberal versus conservative in political ideologies, either the…

A majestic beauty in the Dunedin Botanic Garden, in Dunedin, New Zealand.

Humanism and Karl Marx

Most read of the thoughts and writings of Karl Marx, one of the most influential revolutionaries in the 19th-century, whose magnum opus, Das Kapital and The Communist Manifesto forever changed the world for better or worse since their emergence, as a disputed economic project and a failed revolutionary enterprise. Little do people realise that Marx…

The Roman Bath in Bath, England.

Freedom and Meaning in an Age of Godlessness

Hardly is there any surprise that there is a sequel to The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck, considering its close-to-life writing style that is as thought-provoking as it is entertaining, and its personal sharing and remarks that evidently touch many most at heart, for otherwise it would not make a New York Times…

Sunset on the Arno river in Florence, Italia.

Momentary Dust in a Vast Multiverse

A mentor and a friend once gifted me a book which is of a kind of self-help genre that I would not usually invest money or time in. It is titled The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck, written by an American blogger, Mark Manson. While it did not add much to what a…

Admiring the magnificent Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France.

Dis-disinformation Campaigns

You know how people say that a smart person learns from his own mistakes but a genius learns from those of others, the French have just demonstrated this in their latest election. In a report named Successfully Countering Russian Electoral Interference by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), steps and lessons are outlined…

Espresso for a relaxing afternoon in Rome, Italia.

Artificial Intelligence and Responsibility

Not to be mistaken for the name of the latest gadget, Google Shoots is the name of a video featuring Google Assistant being commanded to fire a handgun at an object of innocence. The choice of the virtual assistant device was arbitrary. It could well have been Amazon Echo or any others that accept voice…

Contemplating with the Greek philosophers in Rome, Italia.

Greek and Democracy

Democracy (dēmokratía i.e. rule by the people) first emerged in the city-state (polis) of Athens in Ancient Greece, and has been endorsed, notwithstanding the rise and fall of various political ideals in the time between, as the system of governance par excellence in the modern era. Crucial to democracy is universal suffrage, which ensures everyone…

The Euro Sign at the Eurotower, Seat of the European Central Bank in Frankfurt, Germany.

Karl Marx and Class Struggles

‘The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles’ is what Karl Marx, one of the most influential revolutionaries and a lesser-known philosopher, believed to be the core of the problem with capitalism and the capitalist mode of production, and is how he started the dialogue in The Communist Manifesto, as a call to…

The view outside the place where I called home during my undergraduate studies in the University of Otago, in Dunedin, New Zealand.

Politics and Peace

Hannah Arendt, one of the most influential political philosophers of the twentieth century, wrote a chapter with a rather peculiar title at the end of her book, The Promise of Politics, that reads, Introduction into Politics. In it, Arendt provided an account of what politics today is and her view on whether politics has any…

The Netherlands Open Air Museum in Arnhem, The Netherlands.

Categorical Imperative and Lying

Have you ever told a lie? If you have, however well-intentioned it was, even as to save a human life, Immanuel Kant, one of the most influential philosophers in modern Western philosophy, would say that you have done wrong. Kant and Categorical Imperative To see how Kant came to such a radical assertion, we have…

Bust of Socrates in the Trinity College Library in Dublin, Ireland.

Corrupting the Youth

In 399 B.C., accused by Meletus, Anytus and Lycon, Socrates was charged with the crimes of impiety against the gods of Athens and corruption of the youth. A jury of five hundred Athenian citizens found Socrates guilty in the first trial and the subsequent trial issued a death penalty proposed by Meletus. A number of…