The view outside the place where I called home during my undergraduate studies in the University of Otago, in Dunedin, New Zealand.

Politics and Peace

Hannah Arendt, one of the most influential political philosophers of the twentieth century, wrote a chapter with a rather peculiar title at the end of her book, The Promise of Politics, that reads, Introduction into Politics. In it, Arendt provided an account of what politics today is and her view on whether politics has any…

The Netherlands Open Air Museum in Arnhem, The Netherlands.

Categorical Imperative and Lying

Have you ever told a lie? If you have, however well-intentioned it was, even as to save a human life, Immanuel Kant, one of the most influential philosophers in modern Western philosophy, would say that you have done wrong. Kant and Categorical Imperative To see how Kant came to such a radical assertion, we have…

Bust of Socrates in the Trinity College Library in Dublin, Ireland.

Corrupting the Youth

In 399 B.C., accused by Meletus, Anytus and Lycon, Socrates was charged with the crimes of impiety against the gods of Athens and corruption of the youth. A jury of five hundred Athenian citizens found Socrates guilty in the first trial and the subsequent trial issued a death penalty proposed by Meletus. A number of…

English afternoon tea in York, England.

Perpetual Peace

More than 200 years ago in the year of 1795, the German philosopher Immanual Kant published Toward Perpetual Peace. In it, Kant, along with 6 preliminary articles that described steps to be taken immediately, proposed 3 definitive articles that are designed to permanently end all hostilities, and provide a foundation for perpetual peace: The civil constitution in…

Wandering around in the market in Marrakech, Morocco.

External World

What do hands do? For one English philosopher, George Edward Moore, hands are a living proof of the external world. Moore: Proof of an External World Before any formal proof, lies the tedious task of clarifying the concept in question. This occupies a major part of the Moore’s paper,¬†Proof of an External World. Moore started…

Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss at the Louvre in Paris, France.

Egoism and Conflicting Interests

Egoism, whether in its descriptive or normative forms, suggests that our self-regarding, best interest is, and ought to be, the only reason for action. Over the years, however, philosophers have identified inconsistency and contradiction, between the two forms of egoism. It formulates morality on a single and simple metric of self-interest that seems impossible to refute….

On top of the St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, Italia.

God, Morality and Benevolence

Questions of right and wrong, and of good and bad, have puzzled humanity for ages. All these moral questions however seem only relevant for those in a diverse and possibly God-created society. If there were only one individual, ever, on a God-less earth, there would probably be nothing that distinct the right from the wrong…

Savouring this magnificent view in Gent, Belgium.

Web Monitoring: Use Your Server to Monitor Any Web Page for Updates

This article will walk you through configuring your server to monitor any web page on the internet and receive email notification when the web page has been updated. Connecting to the Server with SSH First, let’s use SSH to connect to your remote server. See how to lease a server from a hosting server provider…

Gazing at the Trevi Fountain in Rome, Italia.

WannaCry and the Hardware Perspective

Infecting more than 250,000 computers, in 116 countries, was not an easy feat, and to have accomplished such in merely days, there we have the worst ransomware outbreak in history. Investigations were done and much was revealed. Like all ransomware, WannaCry’s goal was to extract ransom money from the infected by encrypting the computer data…

Trekking along the Church Green in Witney, England.

Free will, moral responsibility and quantum mechanics

One quirk of quantum mechanics is that, in the realm of elementary particles, things are probabilistic. Knowing that our mind and body are made of these elementary particles, perhaps this probabilistic nature of them provides a basis for free will and moral responsibility despite a deterministic world. Probabilistic may it be, if we claim ownership…

Overlooking the Roman Forum on the Palatine Hill in Rome, Italia.

Protect Our History

There is no shortage of news these days on how machine learning is improving our daily lives, from helping identify skin cancer to bringing us a retail store with no line or checkout. Here comes GlobalXplorer, a platform created by Dr. Sarah Parcak, a National Geographic Fellow and a Space Archaeologist, that allows people like…

Looking out the Adriatic Sea in Ulcinj, Montenegro.

Computer with a Mind

The Chinese room argument by John Searle in 1980 suggested that, in contrast to the previously proposed Turing Test by Alan Turing in 1950, it is the ability to understand semantics, not the mastery of syntax, of a language that constitutes a mind. Human beings without doubt have the ability to understand semantics. By understanding…